Endometrial polyps are overgrowths of the uterine lining.
Endometrial polyps can at times be associated with irregular menstrual bleeding. Other times, polyps can be silent and only diagnosed during a transvaginal ultrasound examination, during a saline sonogram, or during a hysterosalpingogram. There is some evidence that polyps can contribute to difficulties conceiving by interfering with implantation. On rare occasions, polyps can be malignant.
The Treatment-A Polypectomy:
Removal of the polyp via a polypcectomy is performed by a qualified surgeon and is a relatively quick out-patient procedure. After the patient is sedated, a gynecological surgeon removes the polyp using a fiberoptic scope called a hysteroscope. After removal, the polyp is sent to a pathologist for examination. The majority of patients undergoing this procedure are discharged home within hours of the procedure. Patients can usually return to their normal activities the following day with some minor limitations, and can typically try to start conceiving again 2 weeks after the procedure (with her next period).
Side effects of a polypectomy may include vaginal discharge and slight discomfort. If a patient experiences heavy bleeding, blood clots, or foul-smelling vaginal discharge, she should consult her physician immediately.
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